عنوان مقاله [English]
Donald Trump should be considered as one of the most important Presidents of the United States, whose offensive policies towards the Islamic Republic of Iran has generated the most tensions and challenges among the two countries. Of these instances, one can refer to the United States withdrawal from JCPOA, banning Iranian people from entering the US, provoking political rivals such as Saudi Arabia as well as Israel against Iran, including Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in the list of international terrorist groups, appointing anti-Iran politicians to important offices in the United States, imposing the harshest economic sanctions on Iran, and threatening Iran to military invasion. Here, what matters is to explain the nature of Trump’s offensive strategy against the Islamic Republic of Iran, and to analyze its security and military consequences. So, the author puts all his energy and efforts into giving a compelling answer to the question: What are Donald Trump’s policies in his repeated threatening statements against the Islamic Republic of Iran. In other words, what are the reasons why Trump has embarked on adopting offensive strategies against the Islamic of Iran? The article's hypothesis shows that the absence of the hegemony intended by the Neoconservatists in the Middle East region accounts as the most important reason why such policies have been adopted. Also, using the theory of Realist hegemony as well as the written and virtual sources and descriptive-analytical methods, the article assumes that the revitalization of the United States’ hegemony in the form of negating Obama’s theory, the inefficiency of the sanctions imposed on the Islamic Republic of Iran, the disrupted convergence of Shia resistance front, committing to Israel’s security, developing militarism in the region with the centrality of escalating conflict between Wahhabi and Shiite ideologies indicate Trump’s offensive policies against the Islamic Republic of Iran.