عنوان مقاله [English]
The China-Iran relationship is rooted in limited pragmatic cooperation but has evolved in recent years into a partnership more pointedly opposed to the U.S.-led international order. Iranian destabilizing actions in the Middle East also complicate the United States’ efforts to shift its focus to the Indo-Pacific. For its part, Iran views China as a critical economic lifeline and diplomatic supporter against pressure from the United States. A 25-year cooperation agreement signed in March 2021is the latest indication of the two sides’ willingness to coordinate more closely. Economically, China is Iran’s top trading partner, a leading energy importer, and a top investor. The question is What opportunities may arise for Iran in the competitive environment of China and the United States in the future? This study examines the diplomatic and political-economic goals of Beijing towards Tehran and the spaces created by the rivalry between the two superpowers for Iran, as well as significant geopolitical constraints in this regard.